Collagen

Collagen and vegan alternatives as natural food supplements for health, fitness and beauty from within.
What exactly is collagen?

Collagen (collagens) are protein structures and consist mainly of the amino acids glycine, proline and hydroxyproline (1). The main characteristic of collagen is its high elasticity, which makes it an important component of bones, joints, skin, hair and nails (2). Collagens are the most abundant proteins in the human body, accounting for 30% of the total.

With the help of vitamin C, the body continuously produces collagen. However, this production decreases with age: already from the age of 25 it decreases by about 1% per year (3). This soon affects the body and the collagen skin begins to form wrinkles.

How does collagen work in the body?

Here's how collagen can work:
• Promotes gut health(3,12)
• Firmer, smoother skin (4)
• Healthier, more stable hair (8)
• Reduced symptoms of arthritis and other joint conditions (9)
• Stronger bones (10)
• Improved muscle development & body stability (11)
• Protects against dry and cracked skin
• Increases skin elasticity
•Promotes the formation of elastin and fibrillin
• May prevent acne

Production of collagen

Our organic collagen is produced in a purely thermal and mechanical process. This involves boiling pasture-raised beef bones in water for 20 hours, dehydrating the resulting broth and grinding it into a powder.

We are proud to be the first in the market to go this route for you. As you can imagine, the production is very complex, hence the slightly higher price.

The high-quality collagen hydrolysate in our Beauty Collagen, on the other hand, is obtained enzymatically. Since enzymes cannot be controlled, an organic seal is unfortunately not possible here. We also use the highest quality raw materials from Germany for this product. As the amino acid chains in the peptides are split particularly widely, a high bioavailability can be achieved and a very good solubility in all liquids.

Collagen to drink

Exactly! You can drink collagen - in the form of the JARMINO collagen powder.

Our powder is completely hydrolysed, this makes it very pleasant and easy to use, as it dissolves 100% in liquids - even water.

It is tasteless and odourless, which is why you can use it in many recipes. It is the best way to give back missing collagen to your body.

How quickly does the collagen work?

After about 1 month you can feel the first effects. After 3 months, many customers report smoother skin, fewer intestinal problems and reduced joint pain. Various studies also prove the effect of collagen:

- In a placebo-controlled study, it was shown that taking collagen daily for just 8 weeks significantly improved skin elasticity compared to a placebo group. (1)
- Another controlled study showed that within 6 months, 51% of patients experienced a significant decrease in joint pain after adding collagen to their daily diet. (2)

Through its ability to build connective tissue, collagen helps seal the protective mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. This can prevent leaky gut syndrome, which is often the cause of inflammation-related diseases and skin ageing.

Durch seine Fähigkeit Bindegewebe aufzubauen, trägt Kollagen dazu bei, die schützende Schleimhaut des Magen-Darm-Traktes zu versiegeln. Dadurch kann dem Leaky Gut Syndrom, das häufig die Ursache für entzündungsbedingte Krankheiten und Hautalterung ist, vorgebeugt werden.

Diet rich in collagen

Collagen should be an important part of our natural diet, but due to modern food processing, this substance has almost completely disappeared from our daily diet.

Since the body's ability to produce collagen declines rapidly after the age of 25, a collagen-deficient diet can have far-reaching consequences.

But you can support your body...

These foods build collagen:

- Pasture-raised fish and meat: provide amino acids such as proline, glycine and hydroxyproline.
- Eggs: Supply vitamin B, which converts to the amino acid glycine.
- Lemons: Contain vitamin C
- Red vegetables and fruits (e.g. beetroot, red peppers, raspberries, strawberries): Have an antioxidant effect and contain vitamin C.
- Avocados: Contain omega-3 fatty acids.
- Sweet potatoes, carrots
- Ginseng

These foods contain collagen:

- Bone broth from beef, chicken, fish.
- Fibre-rich cuts of meat: neck, shoulder and breast.
- Beef skin, pork skin, salmon skin and chicken skin
- Seafood
- Black beans
- Fire beans
- Seeds and seeds of pumpkins, sunflowers, chia and butternut
- Nuts such as pistachios, peanuts and cashews

Procollagen, the starting material of all collagens, is produced by combining the amino acids glycine and proline. The human body needs vitamin C for this process. To support the production of collagen, ensure that the body always receives sufficient of the following nutrients:

- Vitamin C: Citrus fruits and berries.
- Proline: egg whites, milk, cabbage, mushrooms
- Glycine: in the skin of cattle, chicken and in protein-rich foods
- Copper: Sesame seeds, cocoa and cashews
- Proteins: Meat, dairy products, vegetables and tofu
- Hydroxyproline: Bone broth, collagen powder from pasture farming

Collagen powder

With our collagen powder (collagen hydrolysate) you give your body back missing collagen in a natural way.

The most commonly offered collagen powder consists of collagen hydrolysate. 'Hydrolysate' means that the amino acid chains of collagen have been broken down into smaller sections by an enzymatic process. This fragmentation allows collagen powder to be dissolved in any drinks and soups. Natural organic collagen, on the other hand, is extracted from bone broth. In this process, bone broth is boiled for 20 hours and then dehydrated and ground into a powder.

JARMINO organic collagen is the first organic collagen powder on the market in Germany.

Many of our customers swear by the positive effect of our powders on the appearance of the skin. They also praise the strength of hair and nails. This is a benefit that can be achieved through targeted intake. Some of our customers also use the product as a lactose-free protein source to build muscle after sports and to protect bones and joints.

Taking collagen

Take collagen

If you want to take collagen, we recommend 5g to 10g (grams) per day of collagen per day. This ensures that enough collagen reaches the intestines. There it can help protect the intestinal wall so that toxins and bacteria cannot escape (leaky gut).

Studies have shown that taking it can also help with joint problems. Endurance athletes or people who exercise a lot should therefore not do without collagen. There is no danger of overdosing when taking collagen.

External application, such as with creams, on the other hand, is less effective because the body cannot absorb the important amino acids through the skin.

Remember: collagen can only work if it is taken regularly.

For firmer skin

Collagen is a major component of our skin and is made up of different types of collagen. If the skin contains too little collagen, it loses its elasticity and wrinkles appear.

There are at least 15 different types of collagen (6). Particularly important are:

Type I: 90% of the collagens in the human body belong to this type. Type I collagen is found, for example, in the skin, bones, tendons, connective tissue and teeth.

Type II is found mainly in the joints.

Type III supports the structure of muscles, organs and arteries.

Type IV is found in the sub-layers of the skin.

Studies have shown that collagen can help reduce wrinkles and dryness, slowing down ageing (2, 3).In one study, women took 2.5-5 g of collagen for 8 weeks. Compared to women who did not take collagen, skin dryness decreased significantly over time and skin elasticity increased significantly (2).

Another study showed that women who drank collagen powder daily for 12 weeks had increased skin hydration and a significant reduction in wrinkle depth compared to a control group (4).

Researchers concluded that the effect of collagen supplementation is to stimulate the body's collagen production (1).

It can also promote the production of elastin and fibrillin proteins, which help to structure the skin (5).

For beautiful, smooth skin, there are creams with collagen as well as dietary supplements. But what really works?

The body can break down the collagen after ingestion (e.g. the bone broth from JARMINO) into amino acids, which then form new collagen produced by the body.

Besides collagen, the following are particularly important

- Hyaluronic acid: Binds water and ensures elasticity and firmness of the skin.
- Vitamin C: Stimulates the body's own collagen production again.
- Biotin, zinc: Contribute to normal skin function.
- Dietary fibre (e.g. inulin from the chicory root): Promotes a balanced intestinal flora to prevent skin ageing caused by inflammation.
- Apple cider vinegar: Prevents skin blemishes and protects the intestines from pathogens.

Sources:

(1) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3583892/
(2) https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23949208/ 
(3) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4206255/
(4) http://www.jmnn.org/article.asp?issn=2278-1870;year=2015;volume=4;issue=1;spage=47;epage=53;aulast=Borumand
(5) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259628887_Oral_Intake_of_Specific_Bioactive_Collagen_Peptides_Reduces_Skin_Wrinkles_and_Increases_Dermal_Matrix_Synthesis 
(6) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28929384
(7) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3003457/
(8) https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-does-skin-wrinkle-wit/
(9) https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/fullarticle/478466
(10) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19957932
(11) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK21582/
(12) https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jsfa.7606
(13) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3509882/
(14) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8378772
(15) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17076983
(16) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4594048/
(17) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14600124
(18) https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/351376
(19) https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00253-005-0180-x
(20) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X12000949